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鲫鱼汤的功效与作用及禁忌_农业网_农业新闻

时间:09-15来源:农业旅游作者:农业旅游

鲫鱼汤的功效与作用及禁忌

鱼素来以丰富的营养价值著称,因而受到极大多数人的喜爱。鲫鱼作为数量丰富的一类鱼,自然也是集万千人的喜爱于一身。可以说,鲫鱼无论怎么做都是味道鲜美,营养丰富,但是一般人都喜欢鲫鱼煲汤,因为鲫鱼汤又鲜又美味。

鲫鱼汤的功效与作用及禁忌

营养价值:鲫鱼汤含有丰富的蛋白质,对肌肤的弹力纤维构成能起到很好的强化作用。鲫鱼含有全面而优质的蛋白质,对肌肤的弹力纤维构成能起到很好的强化作用。鲫鱼的营养特点是营养素全面,含糖分多,脂肪少,含有丰富的蛋白质、多种维生素、微量元素及人体所必需的氨基酸,所以吃起来既鲜嫩又不肥腻,还有点甜丝丝的感觉。

功效:鲫鱼有益气健脾、清热解毒、通脉下乳、利水消肿等功效。尤其对压力、睡眠不足等精神因素导致的早期皱纹,有奇特的缓解功效。

常吃鲫鱼不仅能健身,还能减少肥胖,有助于降血压和降血脂,使人延年益寿。产妇食用鲫鱼,不仅可以增加营养,还能有效催乳。鲫鱼肉还能防治动脉硬化、高血压和冠心病,并有降低胆固醇的作用,中老年人和肥胖人群吃它也特别适宜。

禁忌:鲫鱼不宜和大蒜、砂糖、芥菜、沙参、蜂蜜、猪肝、鸡肉、野鸡肉、鹿肉,以及中药麦冬、厚朴一同食用。吃鱼前后忌喝茶。

鲫鱼的挑选技巧

1、新鲜的鲫鱼,其眼睛是凸的,而那些不新鲜的鲫鱼的眼睛却是凹的,这样的鲫鱼不便购买。

2、新鲜鲫鱼的眼球黑白分明,不新鲜的鲫鱼眼球浑浊,看起来黑白不分,建议不要购买。

3、体型过大的鲫鱼不要购买,不容易煮熟,还有就是全身发黑的鲫鱼也不宜选购。

4、对于那些体肥、颜色暗沉的鲫鱼要小心谨慎,选购时尽量选择身体扁平、色泽偏白的,这样的鲫鱼肉质鲜嫩、色泽味美。

鲫鱼汤怎么做?

乌豆煲鲫鱼汤

材料:鲫鱼1条、花生2两、陈皮1片、乌豆2两、眉豆2两

做法:1、乌豆、眉豆、花生洗净,预先浸隔夜,去水备用。

2、鲫鱼去脏去鳞洗净。果皮浸软去瓤,备用。

3、锅注入适量水,水滚放入鲫鱼及其他材料,以慢火煲3小时即可。

笋片鲫鱼汤

材料:鲜鲫鱼1条400克、熟笋片、火腿、香菇、精盐、黄酒、生姜、葱段

做法:1、将鲫鱼去鳞、鳃及内脏,洗净。

2、炒锅上火,放油烧热,将鱼放入两面略煎

3、加黄酒、葱、生姜和水烧沸,撇去浮沫,改为小火煮至汤色乳白。

4、用旺火烧,加精盐、火腿、笋片、香菇片烧沸,拣去葱、生姜,盛入碗中。

5、将火腿片、香菇片放在鱼身上即可。

鲫鱼汤不腥技巧

1、去鱼腥味极效,安徽地区特产腊猪油放一点去腥味提鲜极效。

2、最简单方法就是,在煲鱼汤前,先把鱼放油锅煎一下,可以保证鱼汤的鲜味,并能够起到去腥味。

3、想保持鱼肉的生鲜,不愿煎炸,可在煮鱼的沸水中滴入几滴荤油或者火麻油。

4、熬鱼汤还有一个关键就是要大火煮沸,尽量别用小火或者中火,保持鱼汤一直翻滚,民间俗语“千滚豆腐万滚鱼”,鱼才能鲜。

5、用八角炝油锅,不仅可给鱼去腥,还可增香。

6、用高汤代替水熬鱼汤,这也是使鱼汤汤色浓白,口味鲜淳的技巧之一。

7、熬汤时候可以加入杏鲍菇和黄瓜,菌菇都有增香提鲜的作用。

8、煮冻鱼时,在汤里加些牛奶,会使冻鱼的味道与鲜鱼相差无几。

9、在煮鱼汤时,须用凉水,要一次性把水添足,如中途再加水,将会冲淡原汁的鲜味。

10、鱼头和鱼尾先用油煎制金黄,取出鱼头用刀从中间劈开,再放汤水。鱼的精华在鱼脑部分,先整炸鱼头,为的是煎制时不使鱼脑液流失,再将劈好的鱼头下入锅中,用大火将鱼脑“顶”出,可使汤鲜味醇并富营养。

原来鲫鱼汤的功效和作用这么大,但是大家在食用鲫鱼汤时也不要忘记吃鲫鱼的禁忌哦,不然在享受美食的时候,造成身体不适,那再美味的食物也会索然无味。而且鲫鱼煲汤的方法很多,基本上可以满足每个人的口味需求。


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