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金秋沙糖桔种植技术 金秋沙糖桔前景如何_农业网_农业新闻

时间:10-19来源:农业旅游作者:农业旅游

金秋沙糖桔种植技术

金秋沙糖桔前景如何

其实,很多人不知道金秋沙糖桔是我们中国首个有产权的杂交新品种。金秋沙糖桔的果子体型比较小,而且外表的颜色是红色的。最重要的是金秋沙糖桔含有丰富的VC,营养价值很在水果中是非常高,所以金秋沙糖桔很受人们的喜欢。接下来,小编就来为大家介绍一些有关金秋沙糖桔的种植技术。

金秋沙糖桔种植技术

1、选用品种纯正的无病虫壮苗。

品系以早熟种品质好、产量高。用枳壳做砧木的苗木,矮化早结丰产,用酸桔做砧木的苗木,树形直立旺长,投产迟。苗木高度超过40厘米、粗度0,5厘米以上,无检疫性病虫害(溃疡病、黄龙病)、须根发达、接穗和砧木亲和良好。

2、选准土地,合理密植。沙糖桔在—般的土质上种都可以正常生长和挂果,但要生长快、结果早、丰产稳产,则要求湿润肥沃的土壤环境,

因此发展种植沙糖桔,要选择交通方便、水源充足、能灌能排、土质深松肥沃的水田、早地、河边冲积地、冲槽地。为了达到前期丰产的目的,在肥沃的水田、旱地种植,采用矮化密植的方式,每亩种植200—300株,株行距2米×1.5米或2米×l米。在山地亩植100株左右,株行距3×2米。生产实践证明,矮化密植是实现沙糖桔早结丰产的重要技术措施,密植园丰产多年后出现交叉阴蔽,再进行间伐。

3、种植方法。在我县,沙糖桔一般在春季的2~3月份种植,在土质肥沃、土层深厚的水田、河边冲积土上发展沙糖桔,可以挖浅坑种植,水田则要按株行排列起高畦。土质贫瘠的旱地、土坡地,要挖1米见方的深坑,备足基肥,每坑施放磷肥3斤,石灰5斤,垃圾泥或塘泥100斤,猪牛鸡粪30—50斤,填坑时,把肥料与土壤拌匀后再填回坑中,结起树盘高出地面20厘米左右。种植前,要剪去苗木部分枝叶,

以减少水分蒸发,剪去主根,尽量保留须根。种植时,挖一浅坑,让须根自然舒展,然后回土,压实泥土,埋土的高度不能埋过嫁接口。定植、后,在树盘上盖上稻草或其他杂草,淋足定根水。定植一个月内,要保持根系附近土壤湿润,气温高、久晴无雨、土壤干燥,要每天淋水,雨天、土壤润时,刚无需淋水。

金秋沙糖桔前景如何

做这个风险还是挺大的,从去年的市场来看,全国很多的市场沙糖桔市场饱和了,很多看的是机遇。产地市场两重天而市场一方目前总体来看基本都是亏损,北京、辽宁、大连、淄博、太原等地接连跌破4.5元/斤,好货很难突破5元/斤,只有元旦三天好行情,之后接着烂市。与去年同期相比,今年各大市场销售价降低0.8元/斤左右,而产地收购价则同期高了0.8元/斤左右。换言之就是一场赌博,看谁看得准,看谁能够笑到最后。五年的时间太长了,谁也说不好的。

种植金秋沙糖桔的注意事项

1、沙糖桔果树生长发育、开花结果与温度、日照、水分(湿度)、土壤以及风、海拔、地形和坡向等环境条件紧密相关,这些条件影响最大的数温度。即使差异0.5℃的气温有时会出现截然不同的结果。沙糖桔生长发育要求12.5~37℃的温度。

2、秋季花芽分化要求昼夜温度分别为20℃左右和10℃左右,根系生长的土温与地上部大致相同。过低的温度会使沙糖桔受冻,甜橙-4℃,温州蜜柑-5℃时会使枝叶受冻,甜橙-5℃以下,温州蜜柑-6℃以下会冻伤大枝和枝干,甜橙-6.5℃以下,温州蜜柑-9℃以下会使植株冻死。

金秋砂糖桔的品种特性是什么

1、早熟:上市期较普通沙糖桔早45天左右,在高湿寡照区域(如四川成都年平均相对湿度约80%,年日照约1000小时)9月下旬开始着色,10月中旬全面橙色,11月初红色,果实可从10月中下旬开始分批采摘上市,一直可采摘到12月下旬,在此期间糖度一直上升,不退糖。

2、无核丰产:单一栽培或与无核品种混栽时表现无核;与多籽品种混栽时偶有少量种子。

3、高糖低酸:在重庆、四川等寡照区,10月下旬可溶性固性物(TSS)含量达12.0%左右,总酸0.4%左右,固酸比25以上,大大高于同期上市的其它主栽柑桔品种。广西桂林等柑桔优势区域11月10日TSS可达17%,着色后挂树期间如天气晴好,每10日左右TSS上升约1度,至12月下旬不浮皮、不退糖、不枯水。

4、细嫩化渣:较易剥皮,肉质极细嫩化渣,入口即化,是迄今为止果肉细嫩化渣的代表柑桔品种之一。

5、外观艳丽:果面光洁、浓红靓丽,果皮光滑细腻,蜡质层厚而鲜亮。

6、适应性强:普通沙糖桔不适合在年均温20℃以下区域栽培,金秋砂糖桔在年平均温度16℃-21.5℃区域表现良好。

7、抗溃疡病:在溃疡病严重果园内高接换种也极少有病斑出现,在溃疡病严重的产区,可免防溃疡病或仅作简易预防性喷药,但应注重防治炭疽病、褐腐病等常见真菌性病害。

在上文中,小编也为大家介绍了一些有关金秋沙塘枯的种植技术。经过上文的讲解,相信大家也知道金秋沙糖桔的营养价值非常高,而且人们食用起来也非常方便。所以,金秋沙糖桔深受广大朋友们的喜爱。所以,金秋沙糖桔的商业前景也是非常的好。


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  1. 模型: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/model/
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  6. 当前时间: 2019-11-19 08:46:42
  7. 当前网协: 3.234.210.89
  8. 请求路径: /bls/8058.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.2475
  10. 内存开销: 1.45 MB
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