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金线莲的生长环境 金线莲怎样繁殖_农业网_农业新闻

时间:10-19来源:农业旅游作者:农业旅游

金线莲的生长环境

金线莲怎样繁殖

金线莲是生长在民间的一种非常具有药用价值的药材。很多人都喜欢用它来炖各种汤喝,炖出来的汤的营养价值也非常的高。所以很多人都喜欢寻来金线莲,来制作各种食物。那么金线莲喜欢生长在什么样的环境当中呢?金线莲又是怎样去进行繁殖的呢?接下来,小编就来为大家答疑解惑。

金线莲的生长环境

金线莲生长环境比较单一,喜欢生长在阴凉、潮湿的地方,尤其喜欢生长在有常绿阔叶树木的沟边、石壁、土质松散的潮湿地带,要求温度20℃~32℃,光照约为正常日照的1/3,最忌阳光直射。其株高8~20厘米,根茎细软,茎圆筒形,先端直立,基部成匍匐状,茎节明显;叶互生具柄,呈椭圆形,叶面有光泽、墨绿色中有金黄脉网,叶背淡紫红色;花为完全花,总状花序具有1~6朵松散的花,花序梗长8~13厘米,被柔毛,花苞片淡紫色,卵状披针形。金线莲除药用外,还是一种极具观赏价值的室内观叶珍品。由于其对生态环境要求严格,加之近年自然环境遭受严重破坏,因此野生的金线莲也就慢慢的少了。

金线莲怎样繁殖

1、金线莲分株繁殖

金线莲一般会在春天、秋天进行分株,时间间隔是三年分一次,凡植株生长健壮,假球茎密集的都可分株,分株后每丛至少要保存5个连结在一起的假球茎。分株前要减少灌水,使盆土较于。分株后上盆时,先以碎瓦片覆在盆底孔上,再铺上粗石子,占盆深度1/5至1/4,再放粗粒土及少量细土,然后用富含腐殖质的沙质壤土栽植。栽植深度以将假球茎刚刚埋入土中力度,盆边缘留2厘米沿口,上铺翠云草或细石子,最后浇透水,置阴处10-15天,保持土壤潮湿,逐渐减少浇水,这样的养护才有好的效果。

2、金线莲播种繁殖

金线莲的种子是很难发育,因为种子很细,种子内仅有一个发育不完全的胚,发芽力很低,加之种皮不易吸收水分,用常规方法播种不能萌发,故需要用兰菌或人工培养基来供给养分,才能萌发,播种最好选用尚未开裂的果实,表面用75%的酒精灭菌后,取出种子,用10%次氯酸钠浸泡5-10分钟,取出再用无菌水冲洗3次即可播于盛有培养基的培养瓶内,然后置暗培养室中,温度保持25C左右,萌动后再移至光下即能形成原球茎。金线莲从播种到移植,需时半年到一年。组织培养已获成功,地方好的,有条件的是可以考虑这种方法。

>

>金线莲怎么种

>1、首先应当保持有足够的水分,金线莲很喜欢湿润的地方,水分对于金线莲的生长至关重要,在干燥、缺水的情况下很难存活,在养殖过程中,应保持盆土湿润,另外还要注意屋子的相对湿度,太干的时候,可以用加湿器加湿或在植物周围喷洒水,没事的时候可以多在叶子上喷点水。

>2、灾选择土壤的方面,需要考虑土质,选用疏松透气的土壤,最好选用腐叶土,含养分高、疏松透气性强,持肥能力也强,其次是腐殖土,稍逊于腐叶土。如果土壤不好,可以在种植时些微加些基肥。

>

>3、因为金线莲喜欢阴暗的地方生长,所以尽量种植的时候避免阳光照射,若放在阳光下时,应给予一定的遮挡,最好遮住百分之五十以上。可以放置在室内较潮湿的地方,每天放到阳光下一两个小时,但是需要注意的是不要直接暴晒。

>4、还一个需要注意温度,温度也决定了生长的好与坏,温度保持适中,在高于35度以上时,叶子容易卷曲,这时最好移到室内阴凉地方。当温度低于零度时应给予一定的防冻措施,不然容易冻坏。

>5、最后就是需要注意的是换盆,如果茂密了需要换,相对来说瓷盆较好看,但透气和透水性能较差,不利于植物根部的呼吸,陶盆就较好,不仅便宜,而且透气性好。如果是比较干燥的地区,最好选用组合式盆栽,有利于增加空气湿度。如果植株过小,不宜选用太大的盆,等到植株长大,就需要更换不合适的盆子,以免盆子过小影响植株生长,最后就不好看了。

>

在上面的文章当中,小编也为大家简单的介绍了一下金线莲的生长环境,所以大家也可以根据小编给大家科普的这些小知识去寻找金线莲,相信会有大大的收获。其实金线莲炖汤的味道也是极其好喝的哟。


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  1. 模型: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/model/
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  5. 当前页面: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2019-11-19 08:06:16
  7. 当前网协: 3.234.210.89
  8. 请求路径: /dty/8062.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.2402
  10. 内存开销: 1.45 MB
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