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桔梗种植效益及条件 桔梗的种植方法

时间:11-01来源:农业旅游作者:农业旅游

桔梗种植效益及条件

桔梗的种植方法

桔梗是一种集观赏性和药用性为一体的植物,它入药的地方在根部,有润肺、祛痰、排脓的功效。目前在市面上是一种销量很好的植物,所以很多人都想要种植它。那么种植桔梗真的能带来好的经济效益吗?

桔梗的种植效益

种植桔梗跟种植其它农作物一样,优点在于它不占农时,在农闲时播种(阴历的11月份至翌年的3月份),农闲时收获,大部分生长期为一年。每亩需投入圈肥一万斤或者复合肥一百斤,折价100元,种子2公斤,计价160元,人工约计300元,共计560元。每年产量平均产量在1000公斤以上,高产达1500公斤,按出口品率70%计700公斤,按目前收购价4元/公斤算,亩收入是2800元,再加上300公斤等外品,加工成药材(折干率为3:1)为100公斤,目前收购价为10元/公斤,计1000元,还有种子收入,每亩当年产种子20公斤,按40元/公斤又是800元,总计亩收入4600元。扣去成本,每亩收入3800元以上。

桔梗的种植条件

桔梗喜温暖湿润气候。耐寒,能忍耐

-40℃

的低温,也能忍耐40度的高温。耐旱、怕水渍。宜在阳光充足,雨量充沛的环境生长。对土壤要求以土层深厚,富含有机质的沙壤土或壤土为好。种子在10~

15℃

条件下15天发芽;隔年陈种发芽率较低,不宜作种用。适宜生长温度为18~

33℃

.二年生植株遇风雨易倒伏。

桔梗的种植方法

1、整地与施肥:选地势高,排水好,土层深厚,疏松肥沃,富含有机物的砂壤土田块,深耕细作,所耕深度30cm以上。结合整地,施足基肥:每亩施土杂肥5000公斤,(或饼肥100公斤),尿素25公斤,二胺30公斤,硫酸钾20公斤。将地块整平耙碎,四周疏通排水沟,等待播种。

2、播种:桔梗用种子繁殖。播种期有春播、夏播、秋播和冬播,但以冬播、春播苗好而整齐,播时将桔梗种子按1:10的比例与黄沙拌均,然后再均匀地撒在整好的畦面上,用耙反过来平两遍,让土盖没种子即可。每亩播种量2--3公斤。

桔梗的田间管理

1、间苗、补苗:当苗高2厘米时适当疏苗,苗高3—4厘米时定苗,以苗距10~13厘米留壮苗1株为好。补苗与间苗同时进行,补苗应带土移栽:

2、中耕除草:结合问苗进行第一次中耕除草,雨后或浇水后土稍干即应松土除草,平时应做到有草就除,保持田间无杂草。植株长大封行后不宜再中耕除草。

3、施肥:结合问苗、定苗、灌水,施稀人粪尿,促进幼苗生长;苗高67厘米时,每亩施尿素l0千克,过磷酸钙20千克。

4、打顶:苗高10厘米时,对留种植株进行打顶,以增加果实的种子数与种子的饱满度,提高种子质量。

5、培土:打顶后结合施肥,除草培土,以防植株被风吹倒折断。

6、除蕾:除蕾摘花是桔梗增产的一项有效措施,应在盛花期喷1000毫升/升乙烯利1次,基本可以达到除花的目的,产量比不喷药增加45%。

7、病虫防治桔梗的虫害主要是地下害虫,如地老虎、蛴螬、金针虫等。若发生地老虎可用敌杀死40毫升/亩进行防治,蛴螬可于翻犁时用人工清除,出苗后期可用辛硫磷稀释2000倍进行泼浇防治。桔梗的病害主要有腐烂病,即在根与外界的交界处发生腐烂,进而全株死亡。防治方法,可用抗枯灵配链霉素进行喷洒。每支抗枯灵对链霉素一支,加水20千克,喷施0.5亩地。 

桔梗的经济效益还是不错的,但是也不是人人种植都能赚钱的,想要桔梗效益好,那么就需要掌握它的高产技术。在种植桔梗的时候需要了解它的生长习性,适时的种植,后期还要加强田间的管理,只有做好了这些,才会让桔梗长势好、产量高。


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  1. 模型: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/model/
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  4. 日志目录: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/runtime/logs/
  5. 当前页面: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2019-12-10 08:26:49
  7. 当前网协: 3.95.131.208
  8. 请求路径: /jlx/8117.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.2231
  10. 内存开销: 1.44 MB
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