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金钗石斛的功效与作用及禁忌_农业网_农业新闻

时间:09-15来源:农业旅游作者:农业旅游

金钗石斛的功效与作用及禁忌

金钗石斛是重要的石斛品种之一,由于在形态上的特殊性,才有了金钗石斛这一名字。石斛品种的不同,产生的功效和作用,以及使用过程中需要注意的一些问题也是有所差别的。大家一定要注意。

金钗石斛的功效与作用

1、抗衰老,提高免疫力金钗石斛兰能显著提高超氧化物歧华酶(SOD)水平,降低过氧化脂质(LPO),调节脑单胺类神经介质水平,抑制类似单胺氧化酶(MAO),起到延缓衰老的作用。近些年备受关注的石斛兰多糖也具有显著的免疫增强活性和抗衰老、抗辐身等多种功效。已开发出的中成药与保健品深受人们青睐,如铁皮枫斗晶、石斛散、清咽宁、益肠汤、石斛露、石斛精、养阴口服液及石斛片等。以铁皮石斛加工的“枫斗”或“耳环石斛”,被称为“金耳环”、“金枫斗”,畅销于东南亚及欧、美。

2、活血化瘀,提高心脑血管功能金钗石斛兰含有酯类成分,具有活血化瘀、扩张血管及抗血小板凝结,治疗血栓闭塞脉搏管炎,脑血栓形成,动脉硬化性闭塞等作用。由石斛兰、金银花等药材提取加工的脉络宁注射液,有清热养阴、活血化瘀等功能。

3、抗肿瘤金钗石斛兰中提取的菲类和联苄类物质,有抗肺癌、卵巢腺癌和前髓细胞白血病的作用。能促进T细胞生长和淋巴细胞产生抑制因子,起到增强免疫的作用。金钗石斛的醋酸乙酯提取物对人体肺癌细胞、人体卵巢腺癌细胞、人体早幼粒细胞白血病具有显著的细胞毒性作用。特别对肺癌细胞有极大抑制作用,抑制率高达74.7%-97.2%。从石斛兰粗提物中分离鉴定出的2个化合物Lusianthridin和denbinobin,具有与粗提物同样的药理作用,且前者对移植肉瘤S-180也有抑制作用。

4、治疗消化系统疾病金钗石斛对肠管有兴奋作用,可使收缩幅度增加。药理试验表明,口服石斛煎剂能促进胃液分泌,帮助消化。石斛碱与非西汀药效相似而作用较弱,石斛浸膏能刺激小肠平滑肌的收缩,促进胃肠蠕动。对慢性萎缩性胃炎能收到独特、满意的效果。

金钗石斛的食用禁忌

用药适量。热病早期阴未伤者,湿温病未化燥者,脾胃虚寒者(指胃酸分泌过少者),均禁服。

金钗石斛的食用方法

1、榨汁

做法:取10-20克金钗石斛鲜品,洗净,切成2厘米左右的小段,放入榨汁机内加适量纯净水,榨汁后直接饮用,渣可煮茶水饮用或吞服。功效:养胃护肝、健脾益胃。

2、入膳

做法:取10-20克金钗石斛鲜品,洗净,切碎或拍破用纱布包好和鸡鸭等一起文火炖60分钟,连渣使用。功效:养阴生津、抵虚热、微汗、筋骨酸痛等常见的体虚症。

3、鲜吃

做法:取10-20克金钗石斛鲜品,洗净,直接食用。嫰枝口感鲜美,老枝富含石斛碱,入口微苦回甘,风味独特。功效:强阴益津、开胃健脾。

4、泡茶

做法:取10-20克金钗石斛鲜品,洗净,拍裂加水久煮,大火开后,文火煮30分钟时以上,作茶饮用,最后连渣吃掉。功效:开胃健脾、降火理气、对慢性咽喉炎疗效显著。

5、浸酒

做法:取金钗石斛鲜品,洗净,切断拍破、单味或和其他中药材一起浸入40度以上酒中,3个月后即可饮用。每250克鲜金钗石斛兑500克白酒。功效:补肾养阴、生精祛风。

金钗石斛的鉴别方法

1、真品金钗石斛:干燥茎长约20~45厘米,直径约1~1.5厘米,基部为圆柱形,中部及上部为扁圆柱形,茎节微向左右弯曲,表面金黄色而微带绿色,有光泽,具纵沟纹,节明显,棕色,有时节部稍膨大,节间长约2.5~3厘米,向上渐短,体轻而质致密,易折断,断面类白色,散布有深色小点,闻之无气味,口尝味苦,嚼之带黏性。

2、伪品云南石仙桃:根茎亦呈圆柱形,但有分枝,常弯曲呈弧形,长约10~20厘米,直径约0.2~0.3厘米,均比真品短且细,节间长仅为0.4厘米,表面棕黄色或棕褐色,节上残有鳞叶,顶端有棕色鳞叶包住根茎尖。有的用假鳞茎冒充,其呈圆锥形,黄色或黄绿色,皱缩,质重,断面较平整,黄色,有维管束,都集中于中部,闻之亦气微,味微苦,但嚼之无黏性。

由于正宗的金钗石斛市场价格一般来说相对较高,所以就会有一些不良商家想要以假乱真,谋取不义之财,所以大家在购买金钗石斛的时候一定要擦亮眼睛,这样才能更好的维护自己的利益。


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  1. 模型: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/model/
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  5. 当前页面: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2019-10-21 11:06:15
  7. 当前网协: 18.210.22.132
  8. 请求路径: /lzwd/6849.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.2665
  10. 内存开销: 1.44 MB
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