摘要菊花需选用疏松肥沃、透水好的微酸性沙土种植,可适当施用磷肥和钾肥作为基肥,若叶片小而黄,可适量喷施尿素,立秋至开花阶段要保证肥水充足,可适当增施磷钾肥来延长花期。盆栽菊花控水很重要,在菊花长势强时要进行换盆,后期要视生长情况及时摘心来促发侧枝,壮...">


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菊花的种植

时间:11-01来源:农业旅游作者:农业旅游

菊花的种植

class="cintro">摘要菊花需选用疏松肥沃、透水好的微酸性沙土种植,可适当施用磷肥和钾肥作为基肥,若叶片小而黄,可适量喷施尿素,立秋至开花阶段要保证肥水充足,可适当增施磷钾肥来延长花期。盆栽菊花控水很重要,在菊花长势强时要进行换盆,后期要视生长情况及时摘心来促发侧枝,壮苗期应适当去除腋芽,孕蕾期应剪除旁蕾。

一、选择土壤

盆栽菊花时,配土适宜用疏松、肥沃、透水好的微酸沙土,因此可使用腐烂植物的土壤:园林土:河沙,比例为4

:

4

:

2,有条件的可以给配土进行消毒。

二、定时施肥

1、养殖菊花时,期间如果施肥不当,容易导致徒长,如果施肥过多,就会导致株高叶稀,因此基肥适宜使用磷肥和钾肥,后期追肥不宜太早,如果出现叶片小而薄、叶色泛黄的现象时,可适量多次喷施0.1%尿素溶液,直到叶色恢复至绿色为止。

2、如果有出现缺磷肥和钾肥等症状时,可喷施0.2%磷酸二氢钾溶液,在立秋后到开花前,要保证肥水充足,并且浓度要逐渐增加,可适当增施磷钾肥,可使花色鲜艳、花期延长。

三、适当控水

想要菊花长得节密、叶肥、矮壮、不赤脚,期间控水很关键,盆栽菊花浇水时,要适时适量,即便是在生长旺盛期,也只需要在每天早、晚给叶片喷1次水。

四、适时移栽

1、在菊花的整个生长阶段,一般需要换2-3次盆,幼苗期可移栽至直径为12cm左右的小盆中养护,壮苗期可移栽至直径为15cm左右的盆内养殖,花蕾分化前可移栽至直径为20cm左右的盆中养殖。

2、期间可根据生长情况追施肥料,才有利于补充各个生长时期,所需的营养成分,养殖时切忌大盆养小苗,或者小盆养大苗,后期有发现枝叶生长旺盛的,可去掉部分须根和宿土。

五、及时摘心

及时摘心能够促发更多侧枝,还能有效的压低株高,盆栽的摘心次数和时间,可因不同选形艺术而定,一般保留4-7朵菊花,在菊苗定植后,保留4-5片叶子摘心,等到侧枝长出4-5片叶子的时候,每个侧枝再留2-3片叶子,然后进行第2次摘心。

六、抹芽疏蕾

在菊花壮苗期,会萌发出很多的腋芽,此时需要及时用手指给掐掉,否则会消耗大量营养成分,并且萌发出很多的小侧枝,显得菊花植株杂乱无章,在菊花孕蕾期,在顶蕾下的小枝上有出现旁蕾的,需要及早剪除,有利于促进顶蕾生长肥大。


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  1. 模型: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/model/
  2. 视图: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/view/default/article_show.htm
  3. 控制器: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/control/show_control.class.php
  4. 日志目录: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/runtime/logs/
  5. 当前页面: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2019-12-10 08:45:47
  7. 当前网协: 3.95.131.208
  8. 请求路径: /rync/8118.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.2166
  10. 内存开销: 1.44 MB
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  2. #action => index
  3. #cid => 15
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