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金鱼草怎么养 金鱼草的养殖方法与注意事项_农业网_农业新闻

时间:10-19来源:农业旅游作者:农业旅游

金鱼草怎么养

金鱼草的养殖方法与注意事项

金鱼草,顾名思义,因为花朵外形特征与嘟嘴的小金鱼特别相似而得名。金鱼草的花朵小巧精致,十分可爱,颜色艳丽,深受大家的喜爱与追捧。那么大家知道金鱼草要如何养殖吗?下面和小编一起去了解下吧!

金鱼草怎么养

1、土壤:要养好金鱼草首先需要采用合适的土壤,根据其升值需求,土壤宜用肥沃、疏松和排水良好的微酸性沙质壤土。

2、浇水:金鱼草对水分比较敏感,盆土必须保持湿润,盆栽苗必须充分浇水。但盆土排水性要好,不能积水,否则根系腐烂,茎叶枯黄凋萎。

3、阳光:金鱼草为喜光性草本,在阳光充足条件下,植株矮生,丛状紧凑,生长整齐,高度一致,开花整齐,花色鲜艳。半阴条件下,植株生长偏高,花序伸长,花色较淡。

4、温度:金鱼草较耐寒,不耐热,生长适温,9月至翌年3月为7~10℃,3~9月为13~16℃,幼苗在5℃条件下通过春化阶段。高温对金鱼草生长发育不利,开花适温为15~16℃,有些品种温度超过15℃,不出现分枝,影响株态。

金鱼草的养殖方法

1、品种选择

金鱼草有较大植株的品种,也有低矮花繁的品种。盆栽的金鱼草宜选择植株低矮,开花繁多的品种,这样,盆栽的观赏价值才更高。

2、盆土选择

金鱼草宜用盆径为15cm左右的透气性好的泥盆或塑料盆。栽培基质应选择疏松、肥沃、排水良好的培养土,或用腐叶土、泥炭、食粮草木灰均匀混和。种植前施些干畜粪或饼肥末,稍加骨粉或过磷酸钙作为基肥。

3、水肥管理

金鱼草通常每10天进行1次追肥。金鱼草忌土壤积水,但浇水不足,同样会影响其生长发育。正确的做法是保持土壤湿润,在两次灌水间宜稍干燥。另外,浇水时应尽量避免从植株上方给水,以减少叶面湿度和水滴飞溅传播病害。

4、温度和光照

金鱼草是喜全光植物,在阳光充足的条件下,金鱼草生长高度一致,开花整齐鲜艳。半荫条件下,生长偏高,花色较淡。金鱼草在冬季进行4小时补光可以提早开花。金鱼草的栽培温度保持夜温15℃,昼温22-28℃左右。2-3℃时花期延迟,盲花增加,切花品质下降。

5、繁殖方式

金鱼草主要用播种和组培繁殖。

金鱼草家养注意事项

1、修剪

金鱼草开花后,齐土剪去地上部分,浇1次透水,约一周便可萌发新枝,然后每10天施1次稀薄液肥至花蕾形成。

2、病虫害防治

金鱼草常见病害有:茎腐病、苗腐病、草锈病、叶枯病、灰霉病。金鱼草常见虫害有:蚜虫、红蜘蛛、白粉虱、蓟马等。

金鱼草的主要价值

金鱼草是夏秋开放之花,在中国园林广为栽种,适合群植于花坛、花境,与百日草、矮牵牛、万寿菊、一串红等配置效果尤佳。高性品种可用作背景种植,矮性品种宜棺岩石阋或窗台花池,或边缘种棺。此花亦可做切花之用。

众所周知,小金鱼寿命比较短,且稍微没养护的好久很容易死,所以导致很多朋友只能默默喜欢金鱼而不敢喂养金鱼。其实喜欢小金鱼的朋友可以养殖几株金鱼草,也十分美观,最主要的是特别好养殖哦!


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  1. 模型: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/model/
  2. 视图: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/view/default/article_show.htm
  3. 控制器: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/control/show_control.class.php
  4. 日志目录: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/runtime/logs/
  5. 当前页面: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2019-11-19 08:46:09
  7. 当前网协: 3.234.210.89
  8. 请求路径: /zdq/8072.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.3049
  10. 内存开销: 1.44 MB
  1. #0 [time:0.0002s] SET character_set_connection=utf8, character_set_results=utf8, character_set_client=binary, sql_mode=''
  2. #1 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cfg' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  4. #3 [time:0.0006s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8072' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  5. #4 [time:0.0006s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article_data WHERE id='8072' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  6. #5 [time:0.0004s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='9' AND id<'8072' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: range | rows: 496]
  7. #6 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8065' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  8. #7 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='9' AND id>'8072' ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: range | rows: 2]
  9. #8 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8085' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  10. #9 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_kv WHERE k='navigate' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  12. #11 [time:0.0005s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8118' OR id='8117' OR id='8116' OR id='8115' OR id='8114' OR id='8113' OR id='8112' OR id='8111' OR id='8110' OR id='8109' [explain type: range | rows: 10]
  13. #12 [time:0.0002s] SELECT cid FROM tw_category ORDER BY orderby ASC [explain type: ALL | rows: 16]
  14. #13 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_category WHERE cid='1' OR cid='2' OR cid='3' OR cid='4' OR cid='5' OR cid='6' OR cid='7' OR cid='8' OR cid='9' OR cid='10' OR cid='11' OR cid='12' OR cid='13' OR cid='14' OR cid='15' OR cid='16' [explain type: ALL | rows: 16]
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  27. #26 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='4' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 621]
  28. #27 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8113' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  29. #28 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_5' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  30. #29 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='5' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 559]
  31. #30 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8114' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  32. #31 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_6' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  33. #32 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='6' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 497]
  34. #33 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8098' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  35. #34 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_7' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  36. #35 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='7' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 554]
  37. #36 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8117' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  38. #37 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_8' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  39. #38 [time:0.0001s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='8' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 571]
  40. #39 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8108' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  41. #40 [time:0.0001s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 23,6 [explain type: index | rows: 29]
  42. #41 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8096' OR id='8095' OR id='8094' OR id='8093' OR id='8092' OR id='8091' [explain type: range | rows: 6]
  43. #42 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_kv WHERE k='tw_links' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  44. #43 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='5' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 559]
  45. #44 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8114' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  47. #46 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8097' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  48. #47 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='6' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 497]
  49. #48 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8098' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  50. #49 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='3' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 519]
  51. #50 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='8119' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  1. #control => show
  2. #action => index
  3. #cid => 9
  4. #id => 8072
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      2. #1 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\kongphp.php
      3. #2 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\config\config.inc.php
      4. #3 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\base.func.php
      5. #4 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\core.class.php
      6. #5 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\debug.class.php
      7. #6 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\log.class.php
      8. #7 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\model.class.php
      9. #8 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\view.class.php
      10. #9 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\control.class.php
      11. #10 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\db\db.interface.php
      12. #11 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\db\db_mysql.class.php
      13. #12 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\cache\cache.interface.php
      14. #13 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\cache\cache_memcache.class.php
      15. #14 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\config\plugin.inc.php
      16. #15 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\plugin\editor_um\conf.php
      17. #16 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\plugin\tw_links\conf.php
      18. #17 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_control\parseurl_control.class.php
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      20. #19 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_control\show_control.class.php
      21. #20 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\category_model.class.php
      22. #21 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\cms_content_model.class.php
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      25. #24 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\showlink.php
      26. #25 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\kv_model.class.php
      27. #26 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\ext\utf8.class.php
      28. #27 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\tpl\sys_trace.php
      1. #0 utf8 类