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金樱子怎么种 金樱子种植技术与注意事项_农业网_农业新闻

时间:10-19来源:农业旅游作者:农业旅游

金樱子怎么种

金樱子种植技术与注意事项

金樱子,这种植物听名字可能很多人都不认识,但看到果实图片想必就会十分熟悉了。金樱子是属于蔷薇科的一种植物,生长管理非常的粗放,经常在农村小道两旁或是山坡上都随处可见。如果家养这种植物的养殖方法又有哪些不同呢?

金樱子怎么种

1、金樱子喜欢温暖干燥的气候,宜选用背风向阳、排水良好、疏松肥沃的沙质土壤栽培。

2、金樱子一般用扦插繁殖。在春季发芽前,选健壮的母株,剪取一二年生枝条作插条,长12-15厘米,斜插于沙床中,压紧,浇水,保持土壤湿润,用芦帘遮阴,两个月左右即可生根发芽。到第二年2-3月或9-10月移植,按株行距各40-60厘米开穴,每穴栽植1株,覆土压实,浇水。

3、田间管理:移植成活后还须浇水2-3次。每年松土、除草3-4次,并结合培土。春秋两季各施肥1-2次。

4、采收:10-11月间,当果实红熟时采摘,晒干、除去毛刺即可。

金樱子种植技术与注意事项

一、种植技术

1、土壤

金樱子对土壤要求不严,一般以疏松、肥沃并且富含有机质的沙质土壤为佳,忌重黏土和盐碱地,盆栽上土一般是园土、腐叶土等混合的介质,排水性要好。

2、光照和温度

金樱子喜欢温暖的生长环境,要求光照充足。养殖金樱子,可以将其放在向阳的地方,不过夏季需要避免阳光曝晒,保持温度在15℃-35℃之间。

3、浇水

金樱子喜欢湿润的生长环境,在生长的旺盛期和开花期需要增加浇水,保持土壤湿润。春季,适当多浇水促进枝叶生长;夏季高温时,蒸发量大,多浇水可以补充水分;冬季是休眠期,浇水要少,保持土壤湿润不干就行。注意,浇水不要浇在叶子上。

4、施肥

金樱子较喜肥,除了在定植的时候需要施基肥,每半个月需要施一次液肥。在早春时,施一次浓肥,秋季要施一次薄肥。在冬季的休眠期施一次腐熟的稀薄肥水有助于越冬。注意,花期不要施肥。

二、注意事项

1、修剪

金樱子需要经常修剪,对过长枝和枯枝、密枝进行修剪,有助于金樱子的生长,在金樱子开花过后需要剪去残花和部分枝条,可以延长花期。修剪成各种造型,更加具有观赏性。

2、病虫害

金樱子会有白粉病和叶斑病等病害和红蜘蛛、蚜虫等虫害,需要及时的发现进行防治。

金樱子的繁殖方式

1、播种

都说金樱子的种子种下后成活很难,所以用这种方法培育的人不多。

2、扦插

用没有病害的健康母体上的小嫩芽,裁剪下来就要立即操作,放置时间过长小嫩芽就会枯萎,在想长成植株就不容易了。可以将切口的地方插进草木灰中,可以防止根部腐烂。插入土质中温度调整在室温24度左右,营养土要保持湿润哦。只要温度水分条件稳定了,每个季节都可以使用这个方法,但是温度不能太高,不然根部会腐烂,太低植物生长就会变得缓慢。从气候考虑还是在春秋季节操作最方便。

3、分株

母体根旁边分出来的小枝,可以单独拿出来成活。枝与母体相连的地方剪下来,栽到另一个基质上,就可以独立成活了。

4、压条

选择老枝进行压条。观察母体的枝条,那种茁壮成长时间比较久的枝就埋在土里,用喷壶将土打湿。植株生长一段时间后会自己独立生根,然后用刀将它和母体割断,进行水光养护,就可成活。

金樱子什么时候开花

金樱子开花是在春季,花期是在4月份-6月份,其实持续的时间不是很长。它的花朵颜色比较单一,多是白色的,有5片花瓣。金樱子在开花之后,会结出果实来,也是非常有价值的一种果实。

金樱子这种植物很特别,不仅可以管花也可以进行观果。它比较喜欢温暖干燥的生长环境,尤其是对于光照这一要求很严。所以大家要是在家中养殖一定要放置在有阳光的地方哦。


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  4. 日志目录: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.fjhnews.com/twcms/runtime/logs/
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  6. 当前时间: 2019-11-19 07:35:30
  7. 当前网协: 3.234.210.89
  8. 请求路径: /zxt/8071.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.2705
  10. 内存开销: 1.44 MB
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